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中国石油勘探  2018, Vol. 23 Issue (3): 90-98    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2018.03.011
  石油地质 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
乍得Bongor盆地反转构造特征及形成机制分析
余朝华, 肖坤叶, 张桂林, 肖高杰, 杜业波
中国石油勘探开发研究院
Analysis on inverted structure characteristics and its forming mechanism in the Bongor Basin, Chad
Yu Zhaohua, Xiao Kunye, Zhang Guilin, Xiao Gaojie, Du Yebo
PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development
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摘要 Bongor盆地是中-新生代陆内被动裂谷盆地,其形成和演化受周边重大构造事件的影响和控制。白垩纪早期,在非洲板块与南美板块分离、大西洋张裂的影响下,盆地开始形成并持续张裂,形成了一系列北西-南东向高角度陡立断层;白垩纪末期,在非洲板块与欧亚板块间南北向高速正向碰撞所引起的挤压应力作用下,盆地发生强烈反转,地层抬升剥蚀、褶皱变形;古近纪末受红海北西-南东向张裂产生的局部挤压应力作用,盆地发生轻微反转,部分古近系遭受剥蚀;新近纪以来盆地以稳定的热沉降为主。Bongor盆地白垩纪末期构造反转是盆地形成演化过程中的重要构造事件,深刻影响了盆地的沉积充填和油气成藏。盆内白垩纪末期构造反转以地层的褶皱变形为主要特征,根据其剖面形态可进一步分成单断型、双断型和散花型3种类型。基于最新有关断层倾角与反转应力强度的研究成果和Bongor盆地反转构造特征,认为虽然晚白垩世挤压强烈,但由于盆地断层倾角过大发生"锁死"现象,而未能发生反转。
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余朝华
肖坤叶
张桂林
肖高杰
杜业波
关键词 Bongor盆地构造反转构造特征形成机制    
Abstract:The Bongor Basin is a Meso-Cenozoic intracontinental passive rift basin. Its formation and evolution are influenced and controlled by major surrounding tectonic events. Since the Early Cretaceous, influenced by the separation of the African and the South American plates and the Atlantic extension rifting, the basin began to form and continued to extend and rift, forming a series of NW-SE high-dip steep faults; at the end of the Cretaceous, under the compressive stress caused by the forward high-speed collision in NS direction, between the African and the Eurasian plates, the basin underwent strong reversal which resulted in the strata uplifted, denuded and deformed; then at the end of the Paleogene, local compressive stress resulting from the NW-SE extension of the Red Sea led to slight reversal, and some Paleogene formations denuded; since the Neogene, the basin entered stable thermal settlement. The late Cretaceous structural inversion is an important structural event in the process of the basin formation and evolution, which profoundly affected the sedimentation and hydrocarbon accumulation in the basin. The Late Cretaceous structural inversion is characterized by folding and deforming of the strata. Section description indicates three types of fault related inversion structures:single faulted, double faulted and scattered-flowering faulted. Based on the latest research results on the fault dip and inversion stress intensity and inverted structure characteristics, it is believed that although the Late Cretaceous compressive stress is strong, structure inversion didn't occur in the Bongor Basin due to the phenomenon of "locking" resulted from the excessive dip of the basin fault.
Key wordsBongor Basin    structural inversion    structural characteristics    forming mechanism
收稿日期: 2017-04-10      出版日期: 2018-05-15
基金资助:中国石油天然气集团公司科技专项“乍得B盆地花岗岩潜山成藏条件分析与有利目标评价”(2013D-0902),“苏丹Muglad盆地精细勘探领域评价与目标优选”(2015D-0909),“海外风险勘探领域优选和目标评价”(2016D-4302)。
引用本文:   
余朝华, 肖坤叶, 张桂林, 肖高杰, 杜业波. 乍得Bongor盆地反转构造特征及形成机制分析[J]. 中国石油勘探, 2018, 23(3): 90-98.
Yu Zhaohua, Xiao Kunye, Zhang Guilin, Xiao Gaojie, Du Yebo. Analysis on inverted structure characteristics and its forming mechanism in the Bongor Basin, Chad. China Petroleum Exploration, 2018, 23(3): 90-98.
链接本文:  
http://www.cped.cn/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2018.03.011      或      http://www.cped.cn/CN/Y2018/V23/I3/90
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