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中国石油勘探  2018, Vol. 23 Issue (3): 109-114    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2018.03.013
  工程技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
岩溶洞穴型储层发育期次识别技术及应用
常少英1, 邓兴梁2, 常中英3, 曹鹏1, 曹小初1
1 中国石油杭州地质研究院;
2 中国石油塔里木油田公司;
3 中国石化河南油田分公司勘探开发研究院
The identifcation technology for developmental periods of karst cave reservoirs and its application
Chang Shaoying1, Deng Xingliang2, Chang Zhongying3, Cao Peng1, Cao Xiaochu1
1 PetroChina Hangzhou Institute of Geology;
2 PetroChina Tarim Oilfeld Company;
3 Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Sinopec Henan Oilfeld Company
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摘要 岩溶洞穴型储层连通性识别难,影响高效开发,其根本的问题在于对岩溶洞穴型储层发育期次的识别及其分布规律认识不清。采用岩溶洞穴型储层分层解释的方法对不同发育期次岩溶洞穴型储层分布进行预测,首先,在洞穴层主要受潜流面控制这一认识的基础上,恢复古地貌,按古地貌由高到低顺序选取代表井,确定岩溶排泄基准面,划分单井洞穴层;其次,选取等时沉积界面,拉平地震数据体,将单井洞穴层标定在地震剖面上;最后,精细解释出洞穴层,提取振幅均方根属性,预测每一层储层的平面分布。在分析单层洞穴分布规律的基础上,分析岩溶洞穴型储层的连通性,在塔里木盆地LGX地区奥陶系识别出22个缝洞单元,为油藏高效开发提供技术支持。
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常少英
邓兴梁
常中英
曹鹏
曹小初
关键词 古岩溶潜流面洞穴分层地震解释    
Abstract:The connectivity of karst cave reservoirs is diffcult to identify and affects their effective development. The root causes are attributed to the unclear identifcation of the development periods and distribution rules of the karst cave reservoirs. The method of layered interpretation of karst cave reservoirs was used to predict the distribution of the karst cave reservoirs in different periods. First, on the basis of the knowledge that the cave layers are mainly controlled by underflow surfaces, the paleogeomorphology was restored, and then representative wells were selected from high to low paleogeomorphologic structures, the karst discharge datum was determined, and the cave layers were divided into single wells; second, according to the isochronal sedimentary interfaces, seismic data volumes were flattened, and the cave layers for single wells were calibrated on seismic sections; and fnally, the cave layers were fnely interpreted, the RMS amplitude was extracted, and the lateral distribution of every reservoir layer was predicted. Based on the distribution law of single-layer caves, the connectivity of karst cave reservoirs was analyzed, and 22 Ordovician fracture-cave reservoir units were identifed in the LGX area in the Tarim Basin. This may provide technical support for the effective development of the reservoirs.
Key wordspaleokarst    underflow surface    cave stratifcation    seismic interpretation
收稿日期: 2017-03-10      出版日期: 2018-05-15
ZTFLH:     
基金资助:国家科技重大专项“大型油气田及煤层气开发”(2016ZX05004-002);中国石油天然气集团公司科技重大专项“深层油气勘探开发关键技术研究”(2014E-32-02)。
引用本文:   
常少英, 邓兴梁, 常中英, 曹鹏, 曹小初. 岩溶洞穴型储层发育期次识别技术及应用[J]. 中国石油勘探, 2018, 23(3): 109-114.
Chang Shaoying, Deng Xingliang, Chang Zhongying, Cao Peng, Cao Xiaochu. The identifcation technology for developmental periods of karst cave reservoirs and its application. China Petroleum Exploration, 2018, 23(3): 109-114.
链接本文:  
http://www.cped.cn/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2018.03.013      或      http://www.cped.cn/CN/Y2018/V23/I3/109
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