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中国石油勘探  2020, Vol. 25 Issue (1): 137-146    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2020.01.013
  工程技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
中国东海海域中深层地震采集技术攻关进展和实践——以东海陆架盆地西湖凹陷为例
高顺莉,陈华,刘建斌,魏赟
中海石油(中国)有限公司上海分公司
Progress and practice of seismic acquisition technology for middle and deep layers in the East China Sea:a case study on the Xihu sag in the East China Sea Shelf Basin
Gao Shunli, Chen Hua, Liu Jianbin, Wei Yun
Shanghai Branch of CNOOC Ltd.
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摘要 东海陆架盆地西湖凹陷存在勘探目的层埋藏深、多次波发育、非均质性砂岩巨厚或砂—泥—煤薄互层等 特殊的地震地质条件,制约了勘探的深入进展。通过剖析影响地震资料品质的关键因素和不同勘探阶段地震采集关键 参数与实际效果,系统总结了西湖凹陷地震采集技术的3 个发展阶段:早期二维地震勘探阶段以凹陷结构和区带评价 为采集目的,采集参数取得了从短缆小震源容量到长缆大震源容量的进展;中期为以重点探区勘探评价为目的的三维 地震勘探阶段,采集技术上经历了从常规三维到Q-Marine 和拖缆双检等技术进步;现今进入针对重点油气田的二次 三维地震勘探阶段,攻关试验了针对中深层重点目标区的斜缆宽频宽方位、高密度宽方位及非零偏VSP 等地震采集 技术,形成了以“两宽一高一多”为核心的中深层二次三维地震勘探技术系列。
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高顺莉
陈华
刘建斌
魏赟
关键词 西湖凹陷中深层地震勘探阶段二次三维地震两宽一高一多    
Abstract:The Xihusag in the East China Sea Shelf Basin has special seismic geological conditions such as deep layers, serious multiples, thick and heterogeneous sandstone or thin sand-mud-coal interbeds, which restrict deep exploration. According to the analysis of the controlling factors on the quality of seismic data and the key seismic acquisition parameters and actual seismic data recorded in different stages, the seismic acquisition process can be divided into three stages in the Xihu sag. In the early stage (2D seismic exploration stage), seismic acquisition aimed to evaluate the sag structures and zones. Acquisition parameters were developed from “short streamers and small seismic source capacity” to “long streamers and large seismic source capacity”. In the middle stage (3D seismic exploration stage), seismic acquisition aimed to realize key exploratory block evaluation. Acquisition technology experienced from conventional 3D acquisition to Q-marine technology, and acquisition technology using streamers with dual sensors. In the current stage (the secondary 3D seismic exploration on key oil and gas fields), seismic acquisition technologies, such as “slant-streamer, wide-band and wide-azimuth” acquisition, “high-density and wideazimuth” acquisition and non-zero offset VSP technology, have been studied and applied to middle-deep strata in key target blocks. Thus, a series of secondary 3D seismic exploration technologies, characterized by wide band, wide azimuth, high density and multiple components (2W1H1M), have been developed for seismic acquisition in middle-deep strata.
     出版日期: 2019-12-31
ZTFLH:     
基金资助:国家科技重大专项“东海深层低渗—致密天然气勘探开发技术”(2016ZX05027)。
引用本文:   
高顺莉, 陈华, 刘建斌, 魏赟. 中国东海海域中深层地震采集技术攻关进展和实践——以东海陆架盆地西湖凹陷为例[J]. 中国石油勘探, 2020, 25(1): 137-146.
Gao Shunli, Chen Hua, Liu Jianbin, Wei Yun. Progress and practice of seismic acquisition technology for middle and deep layers in the East China Sea:a case study on the Xihu sag in the East China Sea Shelf Basin. China Petroleum Exploration, 2020, 25(1): 137-146.
链接本文:  
http://www.cped.cn/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2020.01.013      或      http://www.cped.cn/CN/Y2020/V25/I1/137
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