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中国石油勘探  2018, Vol. 23 Issue (5): 73-78    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2018.05.009
  石油地质 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
裂陷晚期浅水三角洲沉积特征及其分布规律——以印度尼西亚Sunda盆地渐新统上段为例
姜辉
中国石化集团国际石油勘探开发有限公司
The depositional characteristics and distribution law of shallow-water delta during late rifting stage: a case study on the upper Oilgocene in the Sunda Basin, Indonesia
Jiang Hui
Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production Corporation
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摘要 大量地质和地球物理资料分析表明,印度尼西亚Sunda盆地渐新世裂陷晚期发育浅水三角洲,其沉积主体为三角洲平原砂体,三角洲前缘砂体及前三角洲发育不完全。受控于“盆浅、坡缓、水急”构造沉积条件,浅水三角洲砂体主要水动力来源于以季节性曲流河、辫状河为主的地表发散径流与脉状牵引流;分流河道与天然堤为其富砂微相类型,前者既是沉积卸载终端也是砂体过路冲刷通道,后者随沉积砂体不断迁移摆动逐渐堆积充填从而取代河间沙坝;沼泽与煤系地层更为发育,重力机制沉积则难以成形。气候是影响裂陷晚期浅水三角洲砂体形态的重要因素,在热扩散和冷凝作用下,湖盆水体周期性暴露与顶托交替作用,造成河道频繁分叉、改道、叠加,塑造出浅水三角洲砂体典型的朵叶状、齿陀状、枝状、条带状等平面格局。
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姜辉
关键词 Sunda盆地裂陷晚期浅水三角洲沉积特征分布规律    
Abstract:Plenty of geological and geophysical data show that shallow-water deltas were developed during the late Oilgocene rifting stage in the Sunda Basin, Indonesia, of which deltaic plains were dominant, but deltaic fronts and prodeltas were less developed. Controlled by shallow basin, gentle slope and rapid current, primary hydrodynamics influencing the shallow-water deltas are surface divergent runoff and vein traction flow dominated by seasonal meandering rivers and braided rivers. Distributary channel and natural levee are main depositional microfacies with abundant sandstone. The former acts as an unloading terminal and a passing channel. The latter gradually accumulates and replaces the inter-river sand bar while transporting. Marsh and coal seam strata are more developed, but they are difficult to shape during gravity deposition. The climate is an important factor affecting the shape of the shallow water delta sand bodies in the late rifting stage. Under the action of thermal diffusion and condensation, the periodic exposure alternating with the rising of the water in the lake basin caused frequent bifurcation, diversion and superposition of the river channels, and developed typical patterns of delta sand bodies, such as leave, teeth, branch, strip.
Key wordsSunda Basin    late rifting stage    shallow-water delta    depositional characteristics    distribution law
收稿日期: 2017-08-11      出版日期: 2018-09-15
基金资助:国家科技重大专项“海洋深水区油气勘探关键技术”专题(2011ZX05025-005)。
引用本文:   
姜辉. 裂陷晚期浅水三角洲沉积特征及其分布规律——以印度尼西亚Sunda盆地渐新统上段为例[J]. 中国石油勘探, 2018, 23(5): 73-78.
Jiang Hui. The depositional characteristics and distribution law of shallow-water delta during late rifting stage: a case study on the upper Oilgocene in the Sunda Basin, Indonesia. China Petroleum Exploration, 2018, 23(5): 73-78.
链接本文:  
http://www.cped.cn/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2018.05.009      或      http://www.cped.cn/CN/Y2018/V23/I5/73
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