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中国石油勘探  2019, Vol. 24 Issue (5): 547-552    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2019.05.001
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对标国际一流,切实推进中国页岩油上游产业高质量发展
郭焦锋1 ,王婕2 ,孟凡达3 ,
1 国务院发展研究中心资源与环境政策研究所;2 北京工商大学 经济学院;3 中国电子信息产业发展研究院工业经济研究所
Promoting the high-quality development of China’s shale oil upstream industry by following international first-class standard
Guo Jiaofeng1,Wang Jie2,,Meng Fanda3,
1 Research Institute of Resources and Environment Policies, Development Research Center of the State Council; 2 School of Economics, Beijing Technology and Business University; 3 Institute of Industrial Economics, China Center for Information Industry Development
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摘要 美国能源独立和中国油气对外依存度的不断攀升形成鲜明对比。国际石油秩序重构和中美大国博弈给中 国油气供应带来较大的不确定性,中国能源安全风险日益凸显。中国页岩油储量位居世界第三,是中国石油重要的战 略性接替资源,加大力度勘探开发页岩油,推动中国“页岩革命”,对保障开放条件下的国家能源安全至关重要。但 是,中国页岩油上游产业发展仍面临勘探质量不高、开采效率较低和政策体系缺失等诸多问题。为了推进页岩油上游 产业高质量发展,中国应借鉴美国“页岩革命”的成功经验,着力推动“三个变革”:开展全国页岩油资源评价工作, 推动勘探质量变革;加强勘探开发关键技术攻关,推动科技创新变革及开采效率变革;加快勘探开发领域市场化改革, 推动体制机制变革。
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关键词 页岩油;“页岩革命”;高质量发展    
Abstract:The United States energy independence is in stark contrast to China’s rising dependence on foreign resources. The international petroleum order-rebuilding and the China–US game have brought greater uncertainties to China’s oil and gas supply, and China’s energy security issues are increasingly prominent. China’s shale oil reserves rank the third in the world and present an important strategic alternative resource for China’s petroleum industry. To vigorously develop shale oil and promote China’s “shale revolution” is essential for ensuring the national energy security in an open climate. However, the shale oil upstream industry in China faces a lot of problems, such as low exploration quality, low recovery efficiency and imperfect policy system. In order to promote the high-quality development of the industry, China should learn from the US “shale revolution” . Specifically, China should focus on “three revolutions” : (1) the revolution of exploration quality, by performing the nationwide shale oil resource evaluation; (2) the revolution of technology and recovery efficiency, by devoting more efforts to key technologies of exploration and development; and (3) the revolution of system/mechanism, by accelerating the market-oriented reform of exploration and development.
Key wordsshale oil, “shale revolution”, high-quality development
     出版日期: 2019-09-12
引用本文:   
郭焦锋,王婕,孟凡达. 对标国际一流,切实推进中国页岩油上游产业高质量发展[J]. 中国石油勘探, 2019, 24(5): 547-552.
Guo Jiaofeng, Wang Jie, Meng Fanda. Promoting the high-quality development of China’s shale oil upstream industry by following international first-class standard. China Petroleum Exploration, 2019, 24(5): 547-552.
链接本文:  
http://www.cped.cn/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2019.05.001      或      http://www.cped.cn/CN/Y2019/V24/I5/547
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